Long bone - Humerous and femur, Short bone - Carpals and tarsels, Flat bone - Scapula, cranium and pelvis, Irregular bone - Vertebrae, Function of the skeleton - Protection, shape, support, movement and blood production, Vertebral column - Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum and coccyx, Joint - Where 2 or more bones meet, Types of joints - Synovial (moveable), fixed and slightly moveable., Ball and socket joint - Hip or shoulder, Hinge joint - Elbow or knee, Saddle - Thumb, Gliding - Carpals and tarsals, Pivot - Neck and radius and ulna, Voluntary muscle - Work under conscious control (we decide), Involuntary muscle - Work on their own (do not have to think), Cardiac muscle - Heart muscles, Agonist - Working muscle, Antagonist - Relaxing muscle, Flexion - Bending a limb (decrease angle), Extention - Straightening a limb (increasing angle), Adduction - Towards centre of body, Abduction - Away from centre of body,

Bones and muscles

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